Accentuate the Positive Geneameme 2020 – Patsy’s Paddocks

Drafting sheep on Isis Downs Station, Blackall District, Courtesy of the State Library of Queensland

Jill Ball encourages us each year to reflect on the year just past. See .
I have been thinking for some days now how to approach my reflection of 2020 when that reflection is of fleeting images. I think of distant paddocks of 640 acres or thereabouts and of the pastoral runs of ten thousand acres or more.
How, then, to picture a meme? Rogan Josh in a stall waiting for the Melbourne Cup?
Capturing a sheep as it runs down a race seems more apt. My father explained to me how count sheep in a paddock when I was very small. One, two, three I used to chant over and over. What my father actually meant was in lots of three. What he actually meant was Three, six, nine and so on as he moved his hand over lots of sheep in the paddock. He actually did it in lots of five and move quickly around the paddock.
His hand eye coordination to do so was automatic.
Similarly, he explained how to use the three lot system in the race leading into the Dunmore woolshed. A mob could be split into two, he explained, by running the mob straight up the the race and let the major lot keep going. All he did was keep an eye open for the exceptions that needed to be diverted to the second yard. Similarly, a mob could be split into three by running the major lots straight through to either lot one or lot two using one hand. The second hand should be used to draft off just the few making up the third lot.
How could he keep the sheep running through the race when his eyes were back up the race and his hands were on delay at the end of the race?
His hand eye coordination to do so was ingrained.
(These days mobs can be drafted into many lots electronically)
So here are glimpses of my 2020 captured halfway down the race and drafted aside for reflection.

  • 1: We have found a few elusive ancestors in the past two years. It seems that many have been doing their family research during COVID stay at home times. DNA has confirmed some of our incomplete traditional family history research. Ancestry Trulines has helped as well. I have been thinking a lot about how to get Ancestry to do my research for me. At least in the first instance. I confess that I have turned my research process of some 50 years upside down. I am passing control to a company just sold to a new owner. I am sweating on the new owner to the justify my faith in them. Please find a new family story or two or even confirm a family story or two for Little Miss AI & Data. Another story about John Bourke Ryan is always welcome. I include no life span. There was only ever one John Bourke Ryan.
  • 2: A great newspaper article I found was during one of those late nights on Trove. The Australian had published William Darlot’s journal describing overlanding a mob of cattle leaving Dutton’s station Mullendery on 30 December 1837 and arriving at the Second River on 11 February 1838 (the “t” in Darlot is silent by the way). How come I have missed this journal all these years?
    The Australian 26 June 1838 page 1 Journal of Mr Darlot’s Route to Portland Bay, with five hundred and sixty five head of cattle, the property of the Messrs W and F Dutton
  • 9 A new piece of technology or skill I am learning is QR scanning. It has taken a while but it is absolutely a necessary requirement to sitting down and writing over coffee in the morning. My daily exercise is the walk there and back.
  • 13 A DNA discovery I made was doing DNA clusters with DNAGedom. Seriously. This way and that. With these settings. And those. With some close cousins and without. Got it now. Time to return to organising my source materials.
  • 16 A great site I visited was the Public Records of Victoria. It was still there. Not quite the same but with some of the same friendly faces. So that is 20 probates down. Another three to go. Next time I visit I must take a list of cancelled titles to look for. The visit was a major boost to my morale.
  • 17 A new history book I enjoyed was the history of Tarrone Estate Soldier Settlement by James Affleck (Editor) & The Tarrone Families (published by Warrnambool (Vic) Warrnambool & District Historical Society 2019). You will see why in the June edition of GSV’s Ancestor magazine.
  • 18 Zoom gave me the opportunity to see and speak to familiar faces throughout 2020 when direct personal contact wasn’t possible.
    A blessing beyond measure.
    As a 12 year old I survived the winter of 1959 at the end of the Asian flu pandemic. Though I only knew it as the flu then. I caught the Asian flu in the May holidays, measles in the September holidays, followed by the Echo flu (a recurrence of the Asian flu) and pneumonia to arrive back at boarding school in time for the end of year exams. I may have missed out on school holidays but with the help of my school friends (when I did see them) and my family I made it to the end of the year.
    Move forward to 2020. Having made it through that long winter and spring of 1959 I knew I could make it through the Melbourne shut down. This time it was modern technology that kept me in contact with my family and friends and, thereby, in touch with my sanity. Though certain of the No 96 tram drivers and the certain police who weren’t there one minute but were there the next all sirens wailing and all lights flashing also helped to keep life as usual.
    A very big thank you to each and everyone of you.

I have done little work on my website for several years and my neglect is catching up with me. One 2021 goal is to do a little with each post that I publish. This post I have changed the way I backup my website and I have ticked a little box so my certificates work in Filezilla. Invisible but critical stuff at the back end. Little steps.

DNA Down Under – un alpabetising the cemetery list

Why Patsy’s Paddocks? I do like alliterations and I’ve always known fields as paddocks. Following Victorian land selections is one way of following my family history and this has often meant following the history of paddocks I rode across as a kid. Who was the elusive William Campbell of Campbell’s paddock? Why was Farie spelt that way? Paddocks are also confining. A reminder to keep my mind focused on the current research. Not let my mind wander. This resolve has blown apart these last two weeks. The autumn leaves have been picked up and scattered by the leaves. The cemetery list looks like a random walk through the years.

First. Thank you Alan Phillips for organising the conference. Timing it over the break between the AFL Home and Away season and the Finals was brilliant. I only have a few days now to fret about Geelong’s fragility around Finals.
Thank you Ancestry. A session that had its difficult part but handled calmly and professionally. Well done.
Thank you Blaine for lasting the distance. The Visual Phasing presentation was excellent. But I remain scarred by believing a couple of years ago a salesman’s pitch that Chromsome 22 was the place to start. It wasn’t. Nor was Chromosome 21. Nor was Chromosome 20. Just as well there were 23 chromosomes to practice on.

Visual Phasing

It occurred to me in preparing for this conference that those little black boxes called genealogy software and where mischievous gremlins reside are also paddocks of a kind. I open the gate and push information in. It’s sometimes like pushing old ewes through a gate that wasn’t there yesterday. It may take a while to get the input in the format before its accepted but mostly it works. I close the input gate and open the output gate. And suddenly I have created a report or something pretty:

  • a Family Group Report
  • a family chart or two or more
  • a Y700 Block Tree
  • a completed Visual Phasing Spreadsheet & accompanying DNA Painter chart and/or
  • a clusters chart leading into a Network chart

But my Legacy program can’t cope with all of that. Or can it? Should it?
I can argue a case that a family chart is a special instance of a network.
But I don’t think I want to do that. Remember. I like paddocks. I like compartments.
My family software is settled. My understanding of it is settled. I shall leave it be.

My DNA moves faster than I can keep up. I want to keep it in its own pen in the sheep yard until I am comfortable with it. Which won’t be any time soon. Because there is so much to think about, absorb, rearrange, revisit and catalogue as a consequence of DNA Down Under.

Reflections on a discussion

Broadwater State School No 1250 Personal Collection

The action of the last few weeks has been in stark contrast to the relative peace of the past couple of years in which I have been able to do a little of my own family history. Developments in digitisation and DNA has meant that I wasn’t keeping up. Do we ever?

Three of us had some discussion last Friday afternoon. Sharing? A reflection of the week? Planning for next week?

I came away feeling more keenly the obligation of sharing my DNA findings with my siblings and cousins. They had indulged my curiosity by taking DNA tests with Family Tree DNA for me some four or five years ago (AncestryDNA was in recess at the time). An obligation driven by our mortality.

For the rest I have cast my research aside. A cup of coffee or two in Portland, a wander around Port Fairy, the usual decision about which road to take out of Hamilton. For once I made the right one and came across my brother at the Top Farie gate. That stop meant I reached the top of the old PR road (the road around the Pre-Emptive Right) just as the Double B milk tanker pulled out. This time the choice would be made for me. The tanker turned right at the end of the road – on its way to Mount Misery no doubt. I turned left.

There was that intensive research overseas capped off with a road trip to Hannover Cemetery and the location of the POW camps where my uncle had been during World War II. More about that trip another time.

What was our Friday discussion really about? Do I have another driver other than my mortality prioritising my research? I had completed what I could of my Visual Phasing before I went overseas. Now, a year later, there are some new, some useful and some puzzling matches to consider. Visual phasing is an enormously useful tool and is a quick reference as to where matches match. Just as my fan chart has always been useful.

Now comes the part that I have neglected in my Visual Phasing work. I wasn’t really sure what I was doing to start with. How did I do my phasing? For the most part describing the how isn’t too bad. But why did I make some decisions I did? That’s more difficult. That the wind was blowing from the south west doesn’t sort of meet the litmus test. So it has been back to the beginning and revisiting my work book.

Then there is the “what else”. This is another driver. Having my Visual Phasing file in the best condition I can for the DNA Down Under seminars in a month’s time and having my decisions captured before the next version containing DNA Painter is released.

A large part of our Friday discussion revolved around the use of clusters in our DNA analysis. It seems to me whichever way we go about analysis of some portion of our DNA matches there is considerable work involved. It’s important therefore that I’m comfortable with my choice. I think I shall have to overcome my two year old tantrums with DNAGedcom and return to Shelley Crawford’s Network Graphics. I have more control over Network Graphics than seems to be the case with clusters. Control is good. Which is probably a euphemism for wasting more time. Lots of time. The bottom line is that networks fit much better into my high level view of a family tree. Clusters seem to be a mess disguised as an orderly square.

It won’t be the last discussion we have about clusters and networks. The topic is bound to come up again in the GSV’s new DNA Genetic Genealogy Study Group held on the first Tuesday of the month.

Perhaps it is a sad thing that Happy Hours on a Friday are a thing of the past. Fridays were a time to reflect upon the successes of the week just gone. When all too often I spend Monday worrying about the week to come.

Family history research in the 21st century

It’s more than time to take a 21st century look at how I should conduct my family history research. A review of my family file is well overdue.
Some of the information I hold about my close ancestors really hasn’t been looked at for more than thirty years. In the 21st century there are reams more information now available. And advances in technology make it easier to access and process information.
There wasn’t much movement in the availability of source material when we seriously started our family history research. Now more material is being made available – from the mega databases of Family Search and Trove Newspapers to the indexes of local cemeteries and family history societies.
Nevertheless, there are still gaps in the understanding I have about my family. There are still brick walls impeding my progress. Well, no. The barriers are more like the lava barriers that dam and redirect rivers and creeks. It’s as though the glimpse of a brick wall solution isn’t simply walking over the stoney rises but following the streams the lone way around.
There is no better place to start my 21st review than with William Newman.
William Newman and Ann Cathcart are my Grannie Baulch’s grandparents – making them my great great grandparents.
William Newman still remains as elusive as ever – merely recording on his children’s certificates that he was born about 1832-1833 in London. This may even have been the City of London or it could have been Greater London. William’s birth is recorded as being on 18 Jun 1834 in the Family Bible. This family bible information appears to have been collected before William died so is likely to be correct? Does the slight difference in dates even matter?
Anne Cathcart is our Irish orphan. Most days we accept that she was born in County Sligo, Ireland to Andrew Cathcart and Alicia Sweeney. But there is still that little voice that says she may have been born in Galway and perhaps in Enniskillen, Fermanagh. Does this mean that Andrew Cathcart may have served in the British Army?
It is understood that William Newman arrived in Melbourne not long before he married. However, to date, he has not been found as an assisted passenger to Victoria nor in the unassisted passenger lists (Victorian records started in 1852 for unassisted passengers). There are many other ways and many other guises under which William Newman could have arrived in Victoria. Did he come alone? Did he come with his family? Did he come with his mates – all intent on trying their luck in the goldfields?
Also, it should be possible to find William Newman in the 1841 English census and possibly in the 1851 Census as well. This is about where my search for William Newman has come to a halt.
Ann Cathcart and Jane Cathcart (Ann’s sister?) arrived in March 1850, as Irish orphans aboard the Eliza Caroline. Their religion was listed as Episcopalian. There are three lists for the Irish orphans and a little information can be gleaned from each:
the nominal list of all passengers aboard – including 12 married couples (see PROV microfiche 34 March 1850 Book 5 page 93),
a disposal list for the orphans (see microfiche Apr 1850 Book 4A page 291) and
another disposal list for the orphans available on (see microfiche 1850 Book 4B page 37).
Ann Cathcart found work for a year with John Brew of Little Collins Street.
Depending upon when he arrived William Newman might not have gone to the gold fields immediately on his arrival in Victoria.
William Newman and Ann Cathcart were married at St Marks on 16 Nov 1852. William lived in the parish of St James and the family was living in Little Collins Street West when their oldest child John William Newman was born. William was working as a painter and glazier.
The family then moved to Creswick (to the Creswick Creek diggings) and then to Ballarat in 1856 where they lived until 1869 – although their son Charles was born at the Back Creek diggings near Maryborough. William did work as a plasterer at least for some of this time.
William did describe himself as a miner on occasion. However, he may have seen that his occupational skills were more useful in finding work to support his growing family. It is easy to forget that a miner’s right brought with it the right to vote.
The family returned to Melbourne and to Church Street in Fitzroy before moving to Bell Street in Coburg where Ann died in 1895 and William in 1915.
William Newman remains an enigma. Mainly because I am daunted by the task of an extensive search through a time when there was a great influx of people arriving in Australia to both the NSW goldfields to start with and the Victorian goldfields. If that isn’t enough, how to find him in London. Especially when it has long been a family story that he changed his name on arriving in Australia. Did William Newman became a new man in Victoria? The task of finding him still daunts me.

AncestryDNA: more traditional research required

Traditional Sources

AncestryDNA seems to have provided two things for me. The first is confirmation of the family research I have already done. DNA’s independence from traditional family history sources gives my family research additional surety. But do I really need that extra surety? Not really. The second thing AncestryDNA has provided me is heaps and heaps of traditional family history research. It’s not as if I haven’t enough family research from my pre DNA days that still require attention. AncestryDNA has just dumped hundreds upon hundreds of matches associated with my DNA tests and left me with no apparent guidance or control over how I process all these matches.
Why is this so? It’s because, in my usual fashion, I have delved deep into my DNA matches without considering the overall picture. The danger here is that my AncestryDNA system or model doesn’t fit my reality. I am looking for grass in the wrong paddock.
Ancestry announced last November that it has now sold 14 million DNA kits worldwide. AncestryDNA’s marketing is obviously working. Ancestry is selling something that the market wants. I have even submitted DNA samples for testing myself. Ancestry sold me something I though I wanted. It wasn’t confirmation of the research I’ve already done. It’s not about controlling how I select a small group of matches from the thousands of matches.
AncestryDNA provides hope. We provide DNA samples in the hope that the results will solve all our family history brick walls. For we all have brick walls. Starting out on our family history journey we may only have two – our natural parents. Now, my six generation fan chart hides at least ten brick walls. Which brick wall should I research first?
There is something else going on with AncestryDNA (or autosomal matches more generally). Another case where I’ve been in the wrong paddock.
Family history is the history of family relationships.
I can build my fan chart using the relationships child to father and child to mother. When I create a family tree I am creating a network where family members come together. My family tree is a special kind of network. It is quite different than the Melbourne tram network and quite different the relationship of plants in a dry sclerophyll forest.
The family relationships that define my family tree are well understood.
Family tree software uses the relationships of child to parents in my family file to build and chart family trees. Too often I focus on the timeline of an individual within my family tree. It is the relationships of one individual to another that drives the basic structure of a family tree database. The ability to add a life story of each individual in that family tree is just an added bonus to the basic purpose of having a family tree database.
DNA matches are about relationships.
A family tree requires more than one person. A tree of a single person tells me nothing about that person’s family relationships. My AncestryDNA test alone tells me nothing about my potential family relationships. I need DNA matches to show DNA relationships. In an ideal world I would start using DNA matches in the same way I have always used child to parent relationships to build my family tree. There are two problems with using my method of building my fan chart with a number of interlocking child to parent relationships. Firstly, DNA tests can only be provided by living people. Secondly, an AncestryDNA match gives some indication of the possible relationship but not the actual relationship.
More information is required. If the two parties to the match have family trees linked to the tests this may be sufficient. But I’m finding for second cousins and more remote relatives it just means more traditional family research, a great deal more, to find the information to confirm the relationship suggested by the DNA match.
Then there are the instances where hope is dashed. Where the Ancestry family trees don’t provide the solution to the possible DNA match. Nor does further traditional family history research. Do we see instances of hopes dashed in AncestryDNA advertising? Of course not.
AncestryDNA does the difficult. For the rest, it’s business as normal for family historians. More research is required. It takes us a little time to uncover those serendipity moments where the walls come tumbling down.

Citing Ancestry DNA tests

DNA logo on top of school photo circa 1964
DNA logo on top of school photo circa 1964


At the last VicGUM meeting a few of us had a chat about citing our Ancestry DNA test results. I came away feeling that we hadn’t quite nailed it. There wasn’t that elegance of simplicity that happens when a solution to an issue really hits the mark. I didn’t want to make a bad decision. This is sources we were talking about and I don’t want to revisit my decision any time soon. I’ve been doing some more thinking because the voices in my head keep saying What you are thinking is not good. It’s going to be a lot of work.
This discussion about citing DNA tests came at a time when my planets are aligning. A cousin had written to say she is updating her branch of the family. She asked what current Information I have. I’m not sure. Another writes as he unravels his part of the family – or has it become more tangled than ever? Another wrote of his continuing interest in family history. I suppose it is no surprise that the grandchildren of the men who kept shearing tally books still have an interest in local and family stories more than a century later.
All this has come at a time when I too am reviewing the information I have and how it fits together. Have I got it arranged to take the best advantage of the DNA tests we have? Do I have a timeline organised as a starting point for weaving tales. It’s only seven years since I last reviewed a lot of my data but a lot has happened since. More people are researching family and local history and there’s still more information becoming available.
And there is DNA. It’s now the time of year to start thinking about which DNA tests, if any, I should purchase in November.

DNA Citations

I like to begin adding material to my Legacy Family Tree family file by adding the basic source information first. Then it is ready for linking to the rest of the data as I go along. Our VicGUM discussion about citing Ancestry DNA tests was very timely.
Let me start with the conclusions of my deliberations. (My post decision justification will come in a later post.)

Citing an Ancestry DNA test

This is a way to cite my brother’s AncestryDNA test:

Ancestry, DNA test for John Baulch 

Don’t be frightened by these long web addresses. Pick them up from the url toolbar at the top of the relevant page and just paste them into the citation. And I can pick them up and paste back into the url toolbar when I want to return to the source. No searching through pages and pages of DNA results required!

There are three web pages I can navigate to from John’s DNA test page

•    his ethnicity estimate
•    his DNA matches (including his shared matches)
•    his DNA Circles.

Citing an Ancestry DNA Ethnicity Estimate

A citation for an ethnicity estimate or DNA story can be created the same way. I’ve just added a little more information. Importantly, notice that the web address or url changed:

Ancestry, DNA test for John Baulch, (accessed 7 Sep 2018), ethnicity estimate,

Because DNA is such an evolving field it is probably critical to include the access date. These changes are most notable with Ancestry’s ethnicity estimate and I think John’s ethnicity estimate sits in limbo like Kitty Cooper’s did at the time of writing her last blog. 
Citing an Ancestry DNA match

This is an example for an Ancestry DNA match:

Ancestry, DNA test for John Baulch, (accessed 7 Sep 2018), match with Henry Davenport,

It is also the same web address for shared matches so a citation to bring attention to shared matches might look like this:

Ancestry, DNA test for John Baulch, (accessed 7 Sep 2018), match and shared matches with Henry Davenport,

Citing Ancestry DNA Circles

This is an example for an Ancestry DNA Circle:

Ancestry, DNA test for John Baulch, (accessed 7 Sep 2018), DNA Circle for John’s second great grandfather Francis Baulch

It’s not so long ago that we struggled to get DNA circles going. Now there are 38 members in the Francis Baulch DNA Circle. I wonder how many there will be by Christmas this year? 100? I really do need take time out review the information in my Ancestry Family Tree.

Report Bibliography

The first part of creating a citation is to describe WHAT the source is:

•    a book
•    a newspaper
•    a parish register
•    a personal communication
•    a website (including a web page for an Ancestry DNA test)

Here are some examples:

Bishop, Les; The Thunder of the Guns!: A History of 2/3 Australian Field Regiment (Sydney: 2/3 Australian Field Regiment Association, 1998)

(Melbourne) The Herald

St Peter and St Paul’s Church of England (Muchelney, Somerset, England), Parish Registers 1702-1997

Personal Knowledge of Alexander Learmonth (1809-1874)

Stephen Luscombe, The British Empire: Where the Sun Never Sets (

The National Archives of the UK. “TNA WO 392 Prisoners of War Lists, Second World War.”

Ancestry, DNA test for John Baulch

Report Citations

A full citation generally requires more information than just WHAT the source is. I need to know WHERE precisely in the source is the location of the evidence I am relying upon to tell my family story or to construct my family tree:

• the page in a book
• the page and column in a newspaper
• the page and/or date in a set of parish registers
• the date and correspondents on a letter
• the web address, or url, for a website
• a match url for an Ancestry DNA match

Here are some examples:

Bishop, Les, The Thunder of the Guns! A History of 2/3 Australian Field Regiment (Sydney: 2/3 Australian Field Regiment Association, 1998), p266

Poets and War, (Melbourne) The Herald, 1 Feb 1947, p 12, col 7; accessed in The National Library of Australia

St Peter and St Paul’s Church of England (Muchelney, Somerset, England), Parish Registers 1702-1997, accessed in South West Heritage Trust: Somerset Archives & Local Studies; Somerset, England, Church of England Baptisms, Marriages, and Burials, 1531-1812 at; baptism of Hannah Baulch, Nov 1761

Personal Knowledge of Alexander Learmonth (1809-1874), letter to his brother William dated 28 Nov 1856, J W Baulch Personal Collection

4th Dragoon Guards (

The National Archives of the UK. “TNA WO 392 Prisoners of War Lists, Second World War” accessed in UK, Prisoners of War 1939-1945 index at and images at, entry for VX114, Lieutenant John Noel Learmonth

The Archives of the UK. “TNA WO 392 Prisoners of War Lists, Second World War.” accessed in UK, Prisoners of War 1939-1945
index at and images at, entry for WX3326, Lieutenant Colonel Leslie Le Souef

(Yes, I am cheating here. The important part is that I start in Ancestry and finish in Fold3 with an image. It just looked too frightening here to put both web addresses in the one citation.)

Ancestry, DNA test for John Baulch, (accessed 7 Sep 2018), ethnicity estimate,

Ancestry, DNA test for John Baulch, (accessed 7 Sep 2018), match and shared matches with Henry Davenport,

Ancestry, DNA test for John Baulch, (accessed 7 Sep 2018), DNA Circle for John’s second great grandfather Francis Baulch

It has taken a little while to place information in the appropriate fields in my Legacy Family Tree Master Source List and the associated Source Detail item but I do like the result.

For myself.

Ancestry and Fold3 are subscription based so access is through a subscription to access the Prisoners of War information.
Only John and I (as his manager) have access to his DNA test so others should not be able to use these links to access information. I hope! Let me know if you are able to.
My post decision justification – or how I arrived at these examples – will appear in a blog in a little while. It will include my thoughts on the principles of creating a family tree and my reasons for not using Dates or Events with DNA information.

I hope these examples are of some help.

Bottom line, whether you use these examples or not, do save information about sources so you know what you used and where it is so you can return to it when required. 

Research my family history – No 2

Today I walked by the place where the Duke of Monmouth was proclaimed King in 1685.
There is only one Balch recorded as being a Monmouth Rebel – Thomas Balch of Staple Fizpaine (just south of Taunton). Thomas Balch was recorded as being “out in the rebellion”. It was indeed fortunate that he was as he kept his head.
Thomas Balch was a son of the John Balch who emigrated from Somerset to Maryland in 1658. Thomas returned to Somerset at about age 20 and joined the Duke of Monmouth’s army. When Monmouth’s army was routed at the Battle of Sedgemoor Thomas was able to make his way to Bristol. Here, disguised, he sailed home to Maryland. Thereby avoiding the justice of Hanging Judge Jefferies.
Why do I mention Thomas Balch?
My brother has a distant Y DNA match (genetic distance of 10) to descendants of John Balch of Maryland. Geographic distance is certainly part of the reason for the genetic distance. But not necessarily all the reason. Before exploring this connection further we need to establish our own Balch or Baulch ancestry back to at least the Monmouth Rebellion. And this isn’t proving to be an easy task so far.
Somerset Record Society, The Monmouth Rebels 1685 (Somerset Record Society, Taunton: 1983) page 8 (accessed at the Taunton Archives and available at The State Library of Victoria)
Thomas Willing Balch, Balch Genealogica (Allen, Land and Scott, Philadelphia, United States: 1901) pages 94-95 (accessed at Google Books) (Thank you to the FTDNA Balch project for making me aware of this book)